HCAD 610 UMGC Health Information Technologies Project

You have been hired as a summer intern in not-for-profit advocating for the technological progress of healthcare systems. In order to develop a strategic plan, your supervisor asked you to prepare a report on the following items that need be addressed below: (Note: You will apply the summer intern non-for-profit role throughout this course for your assignments.)

1. Assess five (5) types of Health Information Technologies (HIT) used today in terms of their influence on healthcare clinical outcomes AND organizational processes improvement. Analyze the challenges (administrative and managerial) each HIT type is facing in terms of adoption and performance in Healthcare organizations. Present it in a tabular format. Make sure to label all columns and rows clearly. 

2. Healthcare industry uses various types of health information technology systems: one for healthcare administration, called Healthcare Management Information Systems (HMIS), and the other for clinical functions, termed as Health Information Management Systems (HIMS).

Using the Internet search locate one in each category and Compare and contrast them with respect to their five (5) functionalities. While defining the main users for each system (now many?), analyze the specific needs each user type is requiring the system to meet. Specifically, evaluate the systems’ value and operability for the administrative, managerial, and clinical healthcare decision-making. This portion of the assignment may be developed in a mixed table/narrative report format.

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HCAD 610 UMGC Health Information Technologies Project

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Health Information Technologies (HIT) play a crucial role in healthcare systems, both in terms of improving clinical outcomes and enhancing organizational processes. As a summer intern in a not-for-profit organization advocating for technological progress in healthcare, this report focuses on assessing five types of HIT used today and evaluating their influence on healthcare outcomes and organizational improvement. Additionally, we will compare and contrast two types of health information technology systems, Healthcare Management Information Systems (HMIS) and Health Information Management Systems (HIMS), in terms of their functionalities and their value in meeting the specific needs of different users.

Answer to Question 1:
In assessing the five types of Health Information Technologies (HIT) used today, we have identified Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Telemedicine, Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS), Health Information Exchanges (HIEs), and Mobile Health Applications (MHAs). Each of these HIT types has its own influence on healthcare clinical outcomes and organizational processes improvement.

The challenges faced by each HIT type in terms of adoption and performance in healthcare organizations can be categorized into administrative and managerial challenges. For EHRs, the administrative challenge lies in the complex implementation process and the need for training staff on the proper use of the system. Managerial challenges include managing and maintaining data privacy and security, as well as ensuring interoperability with other systems.

Telemedicine faces administrative challenges related to reimbursement policies, licensure requirements, and regulatory compliance. Managerially, integrating telemedicine into existing healthcare workflows and managing liability concerns are the major challenges.

CDSS implementation requires addressing administrative challenges such as data integration and standardization, as well as the engagement and acceptance of clinicians. Managerial challenges involve ensuring the accuracy and relevance of clinical decision support recommendations and customizing the system to fit specific healthcare settings.

HIEs face administrative challenges related to data governance and privacy, as well as establishing interoperability among various healthcare providers. Managerial challenges involve ensuring trust and cooperation among different organizations, as well as managing the costs associated with implementing and maintaining HIEs.

MHAs have administrative challenges related to data security and privacy, as well as ensuring user adoption and engagement. Managerially, designing user-friendly interfaces and integrating the collected data into clinical workflows are the major challenges.

Presenting the assessment in a tabular format:

| HIT Type | Influence on Healthcare Clinical Outcomes | Influence on Organizational Processes Improvement | Administrative Challenges | Managerial Challenges |
| Electronic Health Records | Improved care coordination and patient access to information | Streamlined workflows and reduced paperwork | Complex implementation process and training | Data privacy and security management, interoperability |
| Telemedicine | Expanded access to care, reduced travel time and costs | Enhanced appointment scheduling and remote monitoring | Reimbursement policies, licensure requirements, regulatory compliance | Integrating into existing workflows, liability management |
| Clinical Decision Support Systems | Improved clinical decision-making and reduced medical errors | Increased efficiency in diagnosis and treatment | Data integration, clinician engagement | Accuracy and relevance of recommendations, customization |
| Health Information Exchanges | Enhanced care coordination and data sharing among providers | Streamlined exchange of health records | Data governance and privacy, interoperability | Trust and cooperation among organizations, cost management |
| Mobile Health Applications | Increased patient engagement and self-management | Efficient data collection and real-time monitoring | Data security and privacy, user adoption and engagement | Designing user-friendly interfaces, data integration |

Answer to Question 2:
Healthcare industry utilizes two main types of health information technology systems – Healthcare Management Information Systems (HMIS) and Health Information Management Systems (HIMS).

HMIS focuses on healthcare administration functions, such as managing patient registration, scheduling appointments, billing, and financial management. One example of HMIS is the Epic Systems Corporation’s EpicCare software. The main users of this system typically include administrative staff, billing personnel, and financial managers. They require the system to effectively handle patient records, insurance claims, and financial transactions. The value of EpicCare lies in streamlining administrative processes, improving billing accuracy, and facilitating financial decision-making. Its operability enables seamless integration with other healthcare systems, ensuring efficient administrative decision-making.

On the other hand, HIMS focuses on clinical functions, including electronic health records, medical coding, and clinical decision support. A notable example of HIMS is the Cerner Corporation’s Millennium system. The main users are clinicians, such as physicians, nurses, and allied healthcare professionals. Each user type has specific needs from the system. Physicians require easy access to patient records, personalized clinical decision support, and efficient documentation tools. Nurses rely on comprehensive patient information, medication administration support, and workflow management. Allied healthcare professionals depend on streamlined communication and access to patient data for their respective roles. This system’s value lies in improving clinical decision-making, enhancing patient safety, and optimizing treatment outcomes. Its operability ensures seamless integration with other clinical systems, facilitating efficient clinical decision-making.

In summary, HMIS and HIMS serve different purposes in healthcare organizations. HMIS focuses on healthcare administration, providing value in streamlined administrative processes and efficient decision-making. Meanwhile, HIMS is dedicated to clinical functions, delivering value in enhanced clinical decision-making and improved patient care. Both systems operate and integrate with other healthcare systems to support effective decision-making at various levels.

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